du Premier ministre lors de la 4ème Table Ronde de l’Assemblée
Générale de l’ONU :
mondiale pour le partage de responsabilité pour les réfugiés et le
respect du droit international »
would like to welcome today’s panel. I believe it is a very crucial
panel for our broader discussions on management of large-scale migration.
large number of people fleeing poverty, conflicts and war, in the past two
years, has found many countries – especially in Europe – unprepared.
Understandably, sudden increases in flows of migrants, have caused worry
– if not fear – among societies that have already felt the impact of
too often, the immediate, xenophobic response has been a call to sacrifice
international law and push back refugees, even risking their lives in the
sea. Too often, the respect of international law has been seen as a luxury
and not an integral part of comprehensive and effective migration
management. Too often, sharing the responsibility for people fleeing war
and persecution, has been rejected as a responsibility only of front-line
it must be said, here, today at the United Nations, that respecting
international law in migration management, and responsibility-sharing for
refugees, are not luxuries. Neither is it only a responsibility of
frontline states or states neighbouring conflicts.
is a global and regional crisis and only with responses at these levels
can we address it. It cannot be dealt with effectively if we sacrifice our
values and if each country pushes the pressure to the next.
course, there are many challenges that must be addressed. We need to find
ways to better protect our borders through police cooperation and anti-trafficking
operations. And in this direction, the European Border and Coast Guard
will soon be established by the EU. We need to increase international
cooperation in order to ensure return of people whose asylum applications
have been rejected. To stop
irregular, dangerous routes and replace them with legal ones.
none of these measures can stand alone. We need a global, comprehensive,
collective response to migration management, supported of course at
regional and national level. In Europe we are already working on the
EU-Turkey Agreement and other regional compacts, in this direction.
we need to develop a broader-global compact that will:
economic and personnel support to countries hosting refugees
returns of people who are not in need of international protection and the
resettlement and relocation of refugees
diplomatic initiatives and funding to tackle the root causes of migration
police, border and coast guard cooperation to eradicate trafficking
challenges we face today in migration cannot be dealt with, with the old,
national, regional or even global tools. We must find a new, effective way
to cooperate on a global level, on the basis of our values.
I look forward to today’s discussion in this direction.